Glossary

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infectious diseases

A disease caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi, not normally found in the body. Infectious diseases spread directly or indirectly from one person to another.

C

cerebrovascular diseases

Cerebrovascular refers to blood flow in the brain. A disease in which an area of the brain is temporarily or permanently affected by inadequate blood supply or bleeding. Typically, one or more cerebral blood vessels are involved.

D

degenerative diseases

A disease in which the function or structure of the affected tissues or organs changes for the worse over time. Osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer disease are examples.

E

epileptic seizures

Sudden, uncontrolled body movements and changes in behavior that occur because of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Symptoms include loss of awareness, changes in emotion, loss of muscle control, and shaking. Seizures may be caused by drugs, high fevers, head injuries, and certain diseases, such as epilepsy.

I

infectious diseases

A disease caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi, not normally found in the body. Infectious diseases spread directly or indirectly from one person to another.

Institute or Center (IC)

The NIH organizational component responsible for a particular grant program or set of activities. The terms "NIH IC" or "awarding IC" are used throughout this document to designate a point of contact for advice and interpretation of grant requirements and to establish the focal point for requesting necessary prior approvals or changes in the terms and conditions of award.

Acronym Full Name Organizational Code
CC Clinical Center CC
CSR Center for Scientific Review RG
CIT Center for Information Technology CIT
FIC John E. Fogarty International Center TW
NCATS National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) TR
NCCIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health AT
NCI National Cancer Institute CA
NCRR National Center for Research Resources (dissolved 12/2011) RR
NEI National Eye Institute EY
NHGRI National Human Genome Research Institute HG
NHLBI National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute HL
NIA National Institute on Aging AG
NIAAA National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism AA
NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases AI
NIAMS National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases AR
NIBIB National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering EB
NICHD Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development HD
NIDA National Institute on Drug Abuse DA
NIDCD National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders DC
NIDCR National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research DE
NIDDK National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases DK
NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences ES
NIGMS National Institute of General Medical Sciences GM
NIMH National Institute of Mental Health MH
NIMHD National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities MD
NINDS National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NS
NINR National Institute of Nursing Research NR
NLM National Library of Medicine LM
OD Office of the Director OD

M

metabolic diseases

Diseases or disorders that disrupt normal metabolism, or the process of converting food into energy on a basic cellular level.

MSTP

Medical Scientist Training Program - MTSP supports the integrated medical (or equivalent professional clinical) degree and graduate research training required for the investigation of human diseases

N

NIAID

NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

NIAMS

NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

NIDDK

NIH National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
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Form Approved OMB# 0925-0648 Exp. Date 05/31/2021