Glossary

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R

Racial Categories

American Indian or Alaska Native: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North, Central, or South America, and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.
 
Asian: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam. (Note: Individuals from the Philippine Islands have been recorded as Pacific Islanders in previous data collection strategies.)
 
Black or African American: A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. Terms such as “Haitian or “Negro can be used in addition to “Black or African American.
 
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.
 
White: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.

Real Property

Land, including land improvements, structures, and appurtenances, but not movable machinery and equipment.

REAP

Research Enhancement Award Programs

receptors

A molecule inside or on the surface of a cell that binds to a specific substance and causes a specific effect in the cell.

reflex

An automatic and often inborn response to a stimulus that involves the transmission of a nerve impulse from a receptor to the spinal cord or nerve center that in turn transmits the signal outward to an effector (a muscle or gland).

Renewal Application

An application requesting additional funding for a period subsequent to that provided by a current award. Renewal applications compete for funds with all other peer reviewed applications.

RePORT

Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools

Research & Development

All research activities, both basic and applied, and all development activities that are performed by HHS award recipients. The term research also includes activities involving the training of individuals in research techniques where such activities utilize the same facilities as other research and development activities and where such activities are not included in the instruction function. "Research" is defined as a systematic study directed toward fuller scientific knowledge or understanding of the subject studied. "Development" is the systematic use of knowledge and understanding gained from research directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design and development of prototypes and processes.

Research Administrator

The Research Administrator acts as a local agent of the AOR and/or PD/PIs providing day-to-day grant-related support.

Research and Development Contract

A funding mechanism by which the NIH procures specific services.

Research Centers

Center grants are awarded to institutions on behalf of program directors and groups of collaborating investigators. They support long-term, multi-disciplinary programs of research and development.

Research Grants

Major extramural research grants awarded to institutions, hospitals, and other research organizations, including small businesses, to support circumscribed research led by investigators, create developmental opportunities, and to provide research related resources under programs such as Research Careers, Research Centers, Research Projects, SBIR/STTRs, and Other Research.

Research Misconduct

Fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reporting research, or in reporting research results.

  • Fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting them.
  • Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that research is not accurately represented in the research record.
  • Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit.
  • Research misconduct does not include honest error or honest differences of opinion.

Research Patient Care Costs

Costs of routine and ancillary services provided by hospitals to participants in research protocols.

Research Portfolio

The cohort of grants supported by a given NIH organization.

research techniques

Tools or methods used to collect data for evidence for analysis in order to uncover a better understanding of a topic.

respiration

The movement of air into and out of the lungs.

Responsible Party

Responsible party is the term used in Title VIII of the FDAAA of 2007 (P.L. 110-85) to refer to the entity or individual who is responsible under FDAAA for registering a clinical trial and submitting clinical trial information to ClinicalTrials.gov

Review Committee

The terms Study Section and Review Committee are normally used for continuing Scientific Review Groups in the Center for Scientific Review or NIH Institute, respectively. These are groups with members who have been appointed for multi-year terms of service; at any given meeting there are also usually a number of temporary members present to provide the expertise needed to review the applications.

Review Cycle

Refers to the Center for Scientific Review's thrice yearly initial peer review cycle, from the receipt of applications to the date of the review. See Standard Receipt Dates

RFIP

The National Center for Research Resources supports the Research Facilities Improvement Program (RFIP). RFIP grants are provided to public and nonprofit private biomedical institutions to expand, remodel, and renovate or alter existing research and animal facilities or construct new research and animal facilities. Improvements under this program must support basic and/or clinical biomedical and behavioral research, and they may also support research training.

rigidity

Stiffness and inflexibility of the limbs, neck, or trunk.

RPPR

Research Performance Progress Report - Progress reports are required annually to document grantee accomplishments and compliance with terms of award.
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Form Approved OMB# 0925-0648 Exp. Date 05/31/2021